Resume - an advertising and marketing campaign designed to sell one thing — You.
There are many categories in resume types that you need to know. There are Resume Types by Format or Layout (chronological, functional and combination resume), Resume Types by Level (entry-level / recent graduate, professional, mid-career and executive resume), Resume Types by Presentation (printed resume, online resume and video resume) and Resume Types by Design.
If you are thinking of what design to apply to your resume, there are designs that you need to know:
Resume Types by Design
The following are the types of resume in terms of design:
1. Traditional Resume
A traditional resume is detailed and text-heavy. This is the most commonly used resume in any job application. The typefaces used are serif fonts like Times New Roman, Georgia and Bodoni. The traditional resume is best to use if you are applying to an old-school or traditional company. With its classic look and layout, this is best for corporate application like secretarial or office jobs. This may not be the most creative and funkiest type of resume by presentation, but this is the standard resume in traditional companies.
2. Modern Resume
Modern Resume presents detailed enough information to get a sense of the applicant’s history. Use of white space is usually presented to show the potential employer that the applicant knows how to display information in a friendly and easy-to-read format. Modern sans serif (no serif) typeface and subtle colors are usually used to present this type of resume. In terms of layout, this resume is compartmentalized and has minimal content. Modern resume is perfect for corporate and design related jobs.
3. Artistic / Creative Resume
Creative or Artistic resume is the most personalized type of resume and is completely unique in presentation. Applicants usually send this type of resume toward a younger audience or playful startup company looking for fresh graduate or designer.
Its content has full bleed colors and is usually sent through electronic mail. This may contains chart(s) demonstrating the level of proficiency within a particular software, has rounded corner to create a playful or retro look and usually includes social icons. It uses variety of elements to amplify the style that is meant to be achieved and more importantly, it is the best way to let the applicant’s personality show through. Creative or artistic resume is the best in applying for a design company or a company with a strong online presence.
What design to choose
Your resume design must depend on the following factors: your industry, the company and the position you are applying for. Stick to a traditional design if you are applying to an old-school company or if applying to top positions like Director of Management, General Manager etc. Likewise, stick to a traditional resume if your industry requires a CV or curriculum vitae like the education and health care Industry).
On the other hand, if you are applying to a modern company or if you are a startup job seeker, think of designing either a Modern or Artistic resume.
To sum it all up, know what resume type by design suits the position you’re applying and never compromise professionalism when it comes to your resume.
“Now Google I don’t want to pussyfoot around the issue here so let’s just get down to brass tacks. My name is Matthew Epstein and I want to work for you bad,” said Matthew Epstein in his video resume entitled Google Please Hire Me.
Matthew Epstein’s video resume that was uploaded to YouTube and has now more than 1 million views, became one of the most entertaining and most creative video resumes according to LoftResume.
Have you ever thought of creating a video resume? Think about it because resume creation is becoming more and more creative.
Resume Writing Now and Then
The trend in creating resumes is continuously changing. Before the release of Microsoft Word in 1983, resumes are just often scribbles on scrap paper during a job interview but now, some applicants just send their electronic resumes to the human resources’ email address. See the changes yet?
To convince you more that resume writing is changing, here are other resume types by presentation that you should know:
Resume Types by Presentation
1. Printed Resume
Leonardo Da Vinci was the first person known to write a resume. Da Vinci wrote the document—which is actually more of a cover letter than a resume—when hes 30. His resume focuses on what he can offer for the Duke of Milan in the way of innovative technologies of war.
In 1940s resume transitioned to formality, from scribble on scrap paper during a job interview, to a job search requirement. When word processors came along in the 1970s, resumes became more professional and ‘salesy’, evolving into polished one-sheet profiles printed on high-end paper.
Traditional resume of a CSR applicant.
Printed resumes are generally accepted in job applications so make sure to create one for yourself. It should also be updated from time to time so keep the soft copy or the electronic version.
2. Online and Digital Resume
With the help of the internet, your online profiles can strengthen your candidacy for a job. Online resumes may include:
Online portfolio. An electronic portfolio (also known as an e-portfolio, digital portfolio, or online portfolio) is a collection of electronic evidence assembled and managed by a user. Online portfolios are both demonstrations of the user’s skills and qualifications.
Personal website, interactive resume and blog. Your personal website is one of the most effective ways to promote yourself. With a personal website in hand, you can present your previous projects or write blog posts relevant to your industry. If you want to create your personal website, there are many free-hosting sites that you can avail online such as About.me, Flavors.me, Wix.com, and Webs.com. However, if you are serious in building a strong brand, you have to create a personal website using your name as a domain.
Social media profile: LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest etc. If you do not have a LinkedIn profile yet, it is time to create one. According to Dan Schawbel, New York Times best-selling author of Promote Yourself, “Professionals are going to start using LinkedIn’s “Resume Builder” tool to turn their LinkedIn profile into a resume that they can use to submit to jobs.” Don’t be the last one to adapt.
Your online profiles will prove difficult-to-quantify traits like character, drive, creativity and social ability. Staying socially active online is one of the best ways to showcase your unique talents and personality.
Bad online credits can ruin your chance in getting the job. For instance, a Google search can pull up your LinkedIn, Facebook and other online accounts in a few seconds and results can be good or bad depending on your online activities.
The buzz is growing and video resumes are the next ‘cool’ thing to do. - About.com
Take a look at this video resume by Erin Vondrak that she used in her application for a video game company called Valve.
You can be as creative as you wanted to be in your video resume. You can add awesome introduction about yourself, record on different locations, incorporate music or collect testimonials from your previous colleagues, supervisors or employers. You can do anything that is appropriate for the job you are applying for but as you see, your resourcefulness and creativity is the limit.
Creating a video resume is effective if you are applying to a non-traditional media company; however, some employers are turned-off by video resumes because of the following reasons:
Length of the video resume. Some video resumes take 2-3 minutes to finish. According to an article by The Muse, your video resume should not go over 90 seconds.
Demeanor and unprofessionalism. According to human resources expert Susan M. Heathfield, “As an employer, my understanding from other employers, is that the video resumes they (employers) are receiving are fairly unprofessional and may turn them off to a potential candidate.”
Discrimination concerns. Attorney Dennis Brown is advising their employer clients not to accept or view video resumes because of the possibility for charges of discrimination based on age, gender, ethnicity, and disability.
My advice whether you have to create a video resume is this — know your audience. Modern companies will accept video resumes but traditional companies will not. You should also consider the job you are applying for. Video resumes are good for a creative position like marketing but not for extremely formal position like accountant.
“The video resume will never be a replacement for a paper resume, but it has the capabilities to show some intangibles your paper resume can’t—like confidence, professionalism, and presentation skills.” - The Muse
What are our key takeaways here?
You should update your resume as you learn new skills. Needless to say, keep a copy of your electronic resume copy.
Make your online presence as professional as you can. Start hiding negative results from Google and start building your credibility. If you want to attract employers, you have to adapt.
Although video resumes cannot replace printed or electronic resumes (maybe not yet), it is a useful medium in getting the attention of your future employer.
Going back to Matthew Epstein’s video resume, although he (Epstein) did not get a job from Google, he got hired in a start-up company in San Francisco where his imagination and wit are put to good use.
Is there a right or wrong resume format? If there is, then what is the correct format of a resume? Does it have to be simple, easy to read, or professional enough to get the attention of the hiring manager?
Jessica Holbrook Hernandez, resume expert, agrees that resume writing has changed in the past 10 years. But there is one thing in resume writing that remain unchanged—the 3 resume types by format: Chronological, Functional and Combination Resume.
As you step up to your career ladder, it is necessary for you to know how to layout your qualifications and experience in response to a job post. And resume formatting will help you do that. So, after assessing your level and choosing the appropriate design for your resume, you have to select what format is best for you.
Chronological or Reverse Chronological format is the most traditional and most commonly used resume format in the Philippines. This format gained its name from the word chronological which means “arranged in the order of time”. In this format, professional experience or work history is written in order (i.e. starting from the most recent job to the applicant’s oldest jobs.) Work experience is described in detail by highlighting dates of employment, places of employment, and job titles.
Use this format if:
- You are a candidate with a conservative career: legal, accounting, and banking.
- You are a candidate who wants to highlight progressive growth in a single company.
- You have minimal or you don’t have employment gaps.
- You are applying for a similar or more advanced position in the same field.
- You want to highlight stability, consistency, growth, and development in your career.
- Your most recent position is the one most likely to impress prospective employers.
- You stayed in the same field and plan to remain in the same field.
Who should not use this format:
- People with lots of job gaps
- Folks just entering the work force
- People making a career change
- Enables an employer to determine, at a glance, where and when you’ve worked and what you accomplished at each job.
- Most common and widely accepted format.
- Provides the employer with a clear sense of your career progress.
- Limited work experience and employment gaps are obvious.
- Could reveal a history of changing jobs frequently.
- Could reveal if you were in the same job too long or have held the same type of job too long.
- Does not highlight skills and accomplishments as much as it highlights work history.
- Contact Information
- Qualifications Summary
- Professional Experience
- Awards, Honors and Additional Information (Optional)
2. Functional Format
The functional format is sometimes referred to as “Skills-Based Format”. It is the complete opposite of chronological format because it has a little or no emphasis on employment history, rather it focuses on qualifications, skills and achievements. The functional format allows you to prioritize your experience and accomplishments according to their impact and significance, rather than chronology.
Use this format if:
- You have gained significant experience outside your career path.
- You are a professional with gaps in employment, returning to the workforce or switching careers.
- You have changed jobs frequently in the past few years.
- You have gaps in your employment history.
- You have limited work experience in your job target.
- You are changing careers.
- You are a business owner looking to transition to working full time (e.g. as a construction project manager)
- You have extensive time gaps throughout the resume.
- You have extremely poor employment record.
- Highlights accomplishments, skills, and experience that are most relevant to the position.
- Takes focus off gaps or inconsistencies in your work history.
- Draws from a range of paid and non-paid experiences.
- Experience is not directly tied to specific job titles and dates of employment which can lead employers to suspect you’re trying to hide something.
- Does not emphasize promotions and career growth.
- Makes it difficult for hiring managers to tell exactly what the candidate did in each job.
- Functional resumes can send up a red flag (in a white collar job).
- Qualifications Summary
- Experience or Skills as they relate to the position
- Technical Information
- Awards and Honors
- Additional information related to targeted job
3. Combination Format
Combination format (also known as Chrono-functional or Hybrid format) is the most modern type of resume by format because it combines the nature of chronological and functional format in one resume. What it does is it takes the most effective and beneficial nature of each of the two types and mix it up to make the best resume format possible.
Combination format is becoming the resume of choice of hiring managers because it offers the best of both worlds. The combined format includes the traditional experience section of a chronological resume as well as the skills and accomplishments sections of a functional resume. This format is the most flexible, allowing you to highlight those sections of your resume that are most relevant for the position you are applying.
Use this format if you:
- Are a senior-level professional or executive and have significant accomplishments.
- Want to highlight your relevant abilities during a career transition.
- Are targeting your resume to fit specific job requirements while displaying the continuity of your career history.
- Want to emphasize skills and abilities you have not used in recent jobs.
- Have been freelancing, consulting, or performing temporary work.
- Highlights your primary skills and accomplishments at the top of your resume.
- Format can be arranged to emphasize either skills and abilities or work history, whichever is most appropriate for your career objective.
- Groups qualifications into categories that relate directly to your career objective.
- Resume could become longer than necessary and may lose the employer’s interest.
- Resume may contain redundant information or lack of focus.
Now that you know the three resume types by format, you can format your resume in response to a specific job post. Together with your knowledge on resume design and resume level, you are ready for creating your best resume.