Araw ng Manggagawa or Labor Day is a non-working holiday celebrated on the first day of May every year in the Philippines. It is a day celebrated in honor of working Filipino people.
Every year on the first day of May, the government conducts activities — particularly headed by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) — to give honor to the working Filipino people.
- On Labor Day 2010, DOLE conferred the DOLE Kabuhayan Awards to outstanding individuals and workers’ groups that implemented DOLE-assisted livelihood projects. The DOLE-Kabuhayan Awards marked the Philippine’s 108th Labor Day celebration. The award was given to outstanding individuals and workers’ groups with the aim of recognizing and showcasing the best projects implemented within the last five years for priority groups of beneficiaries.
- On Labor Day 2011, the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) conducted mega-job fairs in strategic locations nationwide.
- On Labor Day 2014, DOLE conducted an event with theme: “Sa Sipag, Tiyaga, at Talino, Buong Mundo Saludo sa Manggagawang Pilipino.”
- On Labor Day 2015, President Benigno Simeon Aquino III traveled to Cebu to attend Jobstart Philippines Forum, sponsored by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) and its partners.
Rallies and Protests
However, May 1 in the Philippines is also often marked by rallies as the labor sector airs its grievances.
- For example on the 2009th Labor Day, the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan-National Capital Region (Bayan-NCR), Kilusang Mayo Uno-National Capital Region (KMU-NCR), Anakpawis Partylist and other militant organizations commemorated Labor Day by protesting against the Arroyo administration for its continued negligence in providing relief to the condition of the people.
- On the 2012th Labor Day, a historic move, more than 40 labor federations formed a coalition called Nagkaisa to urge the government to increase the minimum wage, end labor contractualization, and regulate the prices of fuel, electricity, and water. Included in the coalition are the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines, Partido ng Manggagawa, BMP, Alliance of Progressive Labor, Federation of Free Workers, Philippine Airlines Employees Association, and several other unions and federations nationwide.
- On the 2013th Labor Day, thousands of workers across the country marked Labor Day with protests against what they called the failure of the Aquino administration to address their demands for higher wages and better working conditions. Workers converged and held rallies at different points in Metro Manila, including Mendiola, Liwasang Bonifacio and outside Quiapo Church where Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle officiated a Mass for workers.
- On the 2015th Labor Day, protests followed Aquino even right outside the job fair on Cebu. Different labor groups joined forces in a protest rally denouncing what they call the President’s disregard of the workforce. In an interview, Dennis Derige of the Partido ng Manggagawa Cebu, said that they are calling for justice for all workers who experience job contractualization and those who are not given decent working conditions. The Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP) and the Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP) were part of the rally.
This year’s Labor Day Events
This year’s Labor Day celebration will have a theme “Kinabukasan Sigurado sa Disenteng Trabaho” and will be highlighted by modified job fairs in 44 sites across the Philippines.
Career guidance for the youth
A modification was made by the Department through the conduct of a career fair, which aims to guide students and the youth in making career decisions.
“The career fair will feature the on-going human resource development initiatives of the DOLE in partnership with labor groups, employers, key sectors, and other government agencies. It will build on the Human Resource Development Roadmap and the Labor and Employment Plan for 2016-2022 to prepare the youth for the future of work,” said Baldoz.
She added that the career fair will be participated in by 3,000 youths and students who want to explore career opportunities in the labor market. It will also feature career ambassadors who will assist the youth participants in making career decisions.
Several government agencies will showcase their respective programs on career guidance, including scholarships and related programs on the K to 12.
A labor market information (LMI) corner will also be set-up, featuring the enhanced Phil-JobNet, Job Search Kiosk, JobStart Philippines, Human Resource Development Roadmap 2016-2022, career information materials, and industry career guides.
Job and Career Fairs
To ensure fast and smooth processing of job applications and other employment-related documentation, the DOLE and its Regional Offices enlisted the participation of the National Bureau of Investigation, Social Security System, Bureau of Internal Revenue, National Statistics Office, PAG-IBIG, and PhilHealth, which will have their own booths at the following job fair sites nationwide.
National Capital Region
World Trade Center, Pasay City
Cordillera Administrative Region
Baguio Convention Center, Baguio City
SM City Rosales and Calasiao Sports Gymnasium, Pangasinan
Robinsons Place in San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte
SM City Cauayan and Robinson’s Mall, Santiago City
People’s Center in Balanga, Bataan
SM City Baliuag in DRT Highway, Pagala, Baliuag, Bulacan
SM City Marilao, McArthur Highway, Pagala, Marilao, Bulacan
SM City, Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija
SM City Downtown, San Fernando City, Pampanga
SM City Clark, Clarkfield, Pampanga
SM City Pampanga, San Fernando City, Pampanga
SM City, Tarlac, Tarlac; Masinloc Gymnasium, Masinloc, Zambales
SM City Olongapo, Olongapo City
A post-labor day job fair at the Freedom Park, Burgos Street, Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija will be held on May 3.
SM Dasmariñas, Dasmariñas, Cavite
SM Calamba, Calamba, Laguna
Pacific Mall, Quezon
and SM Taytay, Rizal.
A pre-labor day job fair was held on April 27 at the Batangas City Convention Center in Batangas.
Divine Word College of Calapan, Oriental Mindoro
SM Robinson’s, Palawan
SM City Naga, Naga City, Camarines Sur
SM City Iloilo, Manduriao, Iloilo City
The Shops at Amigo, Iloilo City
Cebu Capitol Building, Cebu City
Avellana Cebu National High School
Tacloban Astrodome Sagkahan, Tacloban City
Zamboanga Economic Freeport Authority, Talisayan, Zamboanga City
KCC Mall, General Santos
Gaisano Mall, Davao City
SM City Davao
SM City General-SM Trade Halls 1 and 2
KCC Mall, General Santos Convention and Events Center
DOLE Surigao del Sur Field Office
DOLE Agusan del Sur
DOLE Agusan del Norte
Negros Island Region
SM City Bacolod
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